Radon is a highly inert radioactive gas which is produced due to the disintegration of Uranium. Since it is a radioactive element it does not stay in its stable state for long and continues to decay producing more radioactive elements termed as radon daughter components. Since radioactive elements naturally exist deep down in the earth, therefore the presence of a small amount of radon in the soil is unavoidable. Also due to the constant emission of radiations a small quantity of radon is also found in the air. However at times due to some chemical changes or trapping of this air in a closed space for too long this concentration of radon starts exceeding.
Radon is a colorless, odorless gas therefore it is very difficult to detect its presence. Therefore a series of tests are performed to not only confirm its presence but also to find out its exact concentration in your surroundings. After its presence and concentration have been confirmed and it exceeds the standard level of 4 picocurie per liter a process called Radon Mitigation is performed to tackle this issue. Aftermitigationhas been executed properly a series of tests are performed again to compare the radon levels before and after the mitigation and calculate to what extent the process has been found effective.
Is radon lead to poisoning?
Although there is no safe or acceptable level of radon as prescribed by the health authorities and biomedical scientists, but still there is a convention that if radon’s level exceeds 4 picocurie per liter you should be worried about radon exposure leading to radon poisoning as radon is the leading cause of lung cancer in nonsmokers claiming around 26 percent of lives due to lung cancer.
Radon test result:
There are two types of tests that are performed prior to radon mitigation namely short term and long term tests. The short term tests provide the results quicker and require only 2 hours to a week at most to calculate the level of radon in the air or the water body. Whereas the long term tests take a lot longer to give the results and require somewhere between 3 months to a year to find the radon level. Although short term tests are quicker and one is inclined to choose them over the long term tests but experts recommend taking the long term tests. They are more accurate in their results and are more reliable.
There are two ways to perform mitigation. If the problem is extremely severe then it is advised to seek professional help and you should hire a professional service to do the job for you. However if the problem is not that serious and there is a slight elevation in the radon levels then you may even buy a radon mitigation kit and perform the procedure yourself. When it comes to mitigation of air, the air can be cleansed thoroughly. However water cannot be mitigated in advance and devices are installed near the source of the water dispenser to clean the water on the spot before use.